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Going Back To History of Slavery For My Own Review





IMG_5325.jpg
(Flag of USA.From Wikipedia)


IMG_5327.jpg
(Flags of the Confederate States of America. From Wikipedia )



I started to read about slavery to find out how this dark history started.
Surprisingly, it started way back in 3500 BCE.

Slavery became common within Europe during the Early Middle Ages and
it continued on for many centuries.

The Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, British, Arabs and a number of
West African kingdoms played a prominent role in the Atlantic slave trade,
especially after 1600.

When did African slaves came to the U.S.?
Slavery’s origins in the U.S. date back to when the U.S. was under
the rule of England as a colony. All thirteen colonies could own slaves
as property. Meaning, they could be bought and sold. Slavery lasted
until 1865.

Lincoln and Civil War
· The American Civil War between the South and North was fought
from 1861 to 1865. The Union Army (North) fought against
the Confederate States of America (South).

· The southern states consisted of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida,
Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. These —in the Lower South.
(8 states)

The southern region of the United States, were called the Confederate states.
They owned slaves and used them for a variety of jobs, but their main
purpose was to maintain their plantations.

· The Union included the states of Maine, New York, New Hampshire,
Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,
New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota,
Iowa, California, Nevada, and Oregon. Abraham Lincoln was their President.
(20 states).

· In the North the manufacturing industry was their primary focus and
they also utilized some well developed agriculture. But since the emphasis
of the north’s economy wasn’t as dependent on agriculture, some think
that they did not value slavery as much as the south did to maintain their
large plantations

In the South: Agriculture in the areas on cotton and tobacco.
Depended heavily on the labor of their slaves.

· The value of plantations came from its land. The slaves worked
extremely hard on those plantations to produce crops for sale.
The slaves were bought by money and had no freedom.
Slaves were not paid for their labor and their value came from
the free labor that they provided.

· Abraham Lincoln was the President of the USA and went on to be
the president of the north in the Civil War. He did not believe in slavery and
thought that it needed to be stopped.


The Gettysburg Address:

· "Government of the people, by the people, and for the people",
a literal translation of Lincoln's words ...

This is a speech that U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered during
the American Civil War at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery
in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863.

I would like to refer by Benjamin Palmer who was an orator and
Presbyterian theologian in the South. He said in his sermon: South is what at
his juncture is their providential trust? I answer, that it is to conserve
and to perpetuate the institution of domestic slavery as now existing.

I don't believe all Southerners think like this in modern days.
But, it must be hard for some people to deny this idea.
We still have KKK for example.

I have lived in the US for more than 40 years. The history of racism still
exists in an indirect, more concealed manner in modern times.

Not everyone is outright racist today as they were in the times of slavery.
There has been a lot of progress in the area of civil rights overcoming racism,
but there is still a way to go before it is eliminated.

It is definitely better than it was 400 years ago when America enslaved Africans,
but it is perceived that a lot of people still suffer from more subtle instances of
racism today.

Dr. Martin Luther King
Also, this year would be 90th birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King.
Although I am sure he would be pleased with some of the progress we have made.
I am sure he would agree that we need to continue to try to make strides to eliminate it
before we are all truly equal and we can live in the American democracy ideal that
many of us want to live in that is free of racism.

Hopefully all of the recent protests will help all of us come together and
focus on evolving and doing what we can destroy this sad aspect of our
history and the world we live in today.





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アメリカのおばちゃま、こんにちは。
いつも内容の深いお話、ありがとうございます。
アメリカ連合国のことは全般的に不勉強で、Benjamin Palmer のことは知りませんでした。providential trustとは、神からの預かりもの、ということでしょうか?特に経済がからむと、人としての正しい判断を見誤ることになるのかもしれません。「風と共に去りぬ」や「オールド・ブラック・ジョー」などに見られる、白人の主人に仕える黒人の姿には複雑なものがありますよね。
 イギリスのオックスフォード大学内にあった、元植民地相だったセシル・ローズの銅像が撤去されることになったようです。キング牧師も喜んでいることでしょう。

アメリカのおばちゃま こんにちは

いつもながら,時事問題に真剣に立ち向かわれる様子尊敬します。
日本の歴史も恥ずかしながらおぼつかなくて,アメリカの歴史はもっと不確かで,このようなレポートを拝見すると,もう少し勉強しなくてはと思います。

奴隷制が,紀元前3500年よりずっと前に始まったということには,とてもびっくりしました。
立場が上で権力を持つ人間がそうでない人間を支配する構図は,ずっと昔からあったのですね。
少しずつ人種差別も改善されている部分もあるとのこと。ニュースでは静かな集会だけでなく,暴動も報道されます。アメリカにいる方達の気持ちを考えると胸が痛みます。アメリカのおばちゃまさまも,どうか気をつけてお過ごしください。

玲さんへ

私に言えることは、南部で、奴隷制度は正当化されていたということです。
奴隷制度なんて、存在すべきではありません。
『風と共に去りぬ』のユーモアに溢れたメイドさんが、ふと暖かく胸にこみ上げてきました。権力とパワー、恐ろしいです。

それにしても、玲さんは、勉強家ですね。頭が下がります。ピアノの練習と義理の
お父さまのお世話をなさりながら、私のブログに目を通してくださって、ありがとうございました。私も今回のブログを書くにあたって、随分と勉強させられました。

モモさんへ

コメントをありがとうございました。
私は、日本史に弱く、先日、布施明さんが応仁の乱についてを語っていらしゃるのを「へ〜」なんて思いながら、聞いておりました。アメリカの歴史は、短いのですが、Civil Warは、本当に考えさせられます。私の友人の先祖は、plantationの
持ち主だったそうです。「でも、全然、誇りになんて思っていないのよ」、sucks!とか言っていました。私が住む州には、黒人の方が少なく、以前、図書館に勤めていた時に、たった一人、よく一緒にランチをした方がいました。彼女、どうしているかなあ、とふと懐かしく思い出します。

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